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Santiago Rivera
Santiago Rivera

Building Planning and Drawing Kumaraswamy.pdf: A Practical Handbook for Civil Engineers



Building Planning and Drawing Kumaraswamy.pdf: A Comprehensive Guide for Civil Engineering Students




Are you a civil engineering student who wants to learn the basics of building planning and drawing? Do you want to know how to plan and design different types of buildings according to their function and location? Do you want to master the skills of drafting, perspective drawing, and computer-aided design? If yes, then this article is for you.




Building Planning And Drawing Kumaraswamy.pdf



In this article, we will introduce you to the book Building Planning and Drawing Kumaraswamy.pdf, which is a textbook written by Dr. N. Kumara Swamy and A. Kameshwara Rao. This book covers all the topics related to building planning and drawing that are essential for civil engineering students. We will also provide you with a summary of each chapter, some examples of building drawings, and a question bank to test your knowledge.


By the end of this article, you will have a clear understanding of what building planning and drawing is, why it is important, what are its objectives, how it has evolved over time, what are the different types of buildings and their planning requirements, what are the basic concepts and nomenclature of building elements, what are the standard guidelines and conventions for building drawing, what are perspective drawings and computer-aided building drawing, and how to practice your skills with typical building drawings and questions.


Introduction




What is building planning and drawing?




Building planning and drawing is the process of creating a graphical representation of a building that shows its layout, dimensions, shape, appearance, structure, materials, components, systems, services, etc. Building planning and drawing is also known as architectural drawing or engineering drawing.


Building planning and drawing is an essential part of the design and construction of any building. It helps to visualize the concept, communicate the ideas, analyze the feasibility, obtain the approval, coordinate the work, and document the results. Building planning and drawing also serves as a legal record of the building and its specifications.


Why is building planning and drawing important?




Building planning and drawing is important for several reasons, such as:



  • It helps to create a functional, aesthetic, safe, comfortable, and sustainable building that meets the needs and expectations of the users and the society.



  • It helps to optimize the use of space, resources, energy, time, and money in the design and construction of the building.



  • It helps to avoid errors, conflicts, delays, disputes, and failures in the design and construction of the building.



  • It helps to comply with the codes, standards, regulations, and laws that govern the design and construction of the building.



  • It helps to enhance the quality, performance, durability, and value of the building.



What are the objectives of building planning and drawing?




The main objectives of building planning and drawing are:



  • To plan and design a building that fulfills its purpose, function, and requirements.



  • To prepare clear, accurate, complete, and consistent drawings that show all the details and information of the building.



  • To follow the principles, rules, methods, and techniques of building planning and drawing.



  • To use the appropriate tools, materials, symbols, colours, scales, units, dimensions, annotations, etc. for building planning and drawing.



  • To develop the skills of creativity, imagination, visualization, analysis, communication, coordination, and documentation in building planning and drawing.



Brief History of Building Planning and Drawing




Ancient civilizations and their building techniques




The history of building planning and drawing can be traced back to the ancient civilizations that developed various forms of architecture and engineering. Some of the examples are:



  • The Egyptians who built the pyramids, temples, tombs, palaces, etc. using stone blocks, columns, arches, etc. They used simple tools like ropes, plumb lines, squares, etc. to measure and align their structures. They also used hieroglyphs to write their plans and drawings on papyrus scrolls or stone walls.



The Mesopotamians who built the ziggurats, palaces, gardens, etc. using mud bricks, timber beams 71b2f0854b


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